The impacts of different fire frequencies on vegetation characteristics in the Hamoye state forest, Kavango region, Namibia select="/dri:document/dri:meta/dri:pageMeta/dri:metadata[@element='title']/node()"/>

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Show simple item record Shoopala, Rabanus en_US 2014-02-07T14:08:02Z 2014-02-07T14:08:02Z 2008 en_US
dc.description A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Biodiversity Management and Research at the University of Namibia and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin en_US
dc.description.abstract Abstract provided by author en_US
dc.description.abstract In Namibia, large areas burn each year with a distribution of burn relating to the rainfall gradient. As a result fires are widespread and frequent in the north, especially in the northeast. In these areas more than 2 million hectares of forested land burn each year. Fires, amongst other factors, have negative effects on biodiversity. These effects have not been fully assessed. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of different fire frequencies on vegetation characteristics in the Hamoye State Forest (HSF). The study was carried out through a combination of analysis of Landsat satellite imagery and field sampling methods. Landsat satellite imagery was used to map and demarcate the forest into 3 different fire frequency zones (low, medium and high); with low being areas burnt less than five times, medium being areas burnt between 5 and 10 times, and high being areas burnt more than ten times since 1989. Field sampling was carried out to determine the effect of different fire frequencies on species diversity and richness, plant density, cover, height and tree basal area. A total of thirty randomly chosen 35 x 35m plots, ten in each fire frequency zone, were sampled. The results indicate that fire frequencies differed among the zones of the state forest, with high frequencies found in areas far from the State Forest buildings, while medium and low fire frequencies were found in areas within the proximity of the Forestry buildings. These differences were due to fire suppression by forestry personnel in areas within the proximity of forestry buildings. There were no significant differences in tree basal area, tree density, and stump density among the three fire frequency zones. However, frequent fires reduced tree and sapling height. Forb and shrub densities increased with increasing fire frequency. Most forbs are annual that quickly colonized unoccupied niches after fire burning, while most shrubs resprouted after intense fires resulting in high shrub density. The woody and grass cover all decreased with increasing fire frequency. High fire frequency reduced woody cover. Low grass cover in the higher fire frequency was due to presence of high sapling density which increased space competition against grass. Frequent fires increased plant species richness as a result of new species taking up new niches created by fires. Frequent fires maintain species diversity by opening up niches for new species. The DCA ordination results show variations of plants species along a fire gradient on the second axis indicating that though the confounding affects of other factors needs to be considered, different fire frequencies have a significant effect on several attributes of the structure of vegetation communities in the Hamoye State Forest en_US
dc.format.extent ix, 97 p en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.source.uri abstracts/shoopala2008abs.pdf en_US
dc.source.uri en_US
dc.subject Forest and forestry en_US
dc.subject Fire management en_US
dc.subject Forest fire en_US
dc.subject Forest plants en_US
dc.subject Prevention and control en_US
dc.subject Forest fires en_US
dc.subject Environmental control en_US
dc.title The impacts of different fire frequencies on vegetation characteristics in the Hamoye state forest, Kavango region, Namibia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.identifier.isis F004-199299999999999 en_US Windhoek en_US Namibia en_US University of Namibia en_US Master of Science in Biodiversity Management and Research en_US
dc.description.status Successfully Downloaded file : en_US
dc.masterFileNumber 3323 en_US

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