Assessing the effects of bush encroachment on species abundance, composition and diversity of small mammals at the Neudamm Agricultural Farm, Khomas Region Namibia select="/dri:document/dri:meta/dri:pageMeta/dri:metadata[@element='title']/node()"/>

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dc.date.accessioned 2014-02-07T14:08:17Z
dc.date.available 2014-02-07T14:08:17Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11070/520
dc.description A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Science in Biodiversity Management and Research en_US
dc.description.abstract Abstract provided by author en_US
dc.description.abstract Bush encroachment is the conversion of open savannas to tree-dominated shrub lands. Bush encroachment results in habitat degradation and the loss of resource productivity. In this study, small mammals were used to investigate the effects of bush encroachment on biodiversity. The main aim of this study was to assess the effects of bush encroachment on the species abundance, diversity and composition of small mammals. The study was conducted in selected bush encroached and non-bush encroached sites at the Neudamm Agricultural Farm in the Khomas Region, during the "Hot-dry" season, "Hot-wet" season (April 2010) and "Cold-dry" season (July 2010). Various habitat factors, namely: woody density, woody cover and grass cover, all of which influence the diversity, distribution and abundance of small mammals were measured in the bush encroached and non-bush encroached sites. An area was considered to be bush encroached when the woody density of the encroaching species was 1,000 bushes per 1ha. Non-bush encroached sites were areas with a woody density of 1,000 bushes per 1ha. The results revealed a significant difference in the woody density (t49 en_US
dc.description.abstract The data on the abundance of small mammals were collected using Sherman-live traps (23 x 8 x 9cm) which were set out over an area of 100 m x 100 m for both the bush encroached and nonbush encroached sites. This comprised a trapping grid. In each grid traps were placed in ten rows and ten columns and were spaced at 10 m intervals. A total of seven small mammal species were captured during the study. Five of these small mammals species (Rhabdomys pumilio, Micaelamys namaquensis, Elephantulus intufi, Gerbilliscus leucogaster and Thallomys paedulcus) captured were identified to species level. The other two small mammal species (Crocidura spp. and Mastomys spp.) captured were identified to genus level. A total of 241 individuals of small mammal species comprising five species were recorded in the bush encroached sites. A total of 249 individuals of small mammal species comprising five species were also recorded in the non-bush encroached sites. The study revealed that there was no significant difference in the abundance (÷217 = 18.00; n = 18; p=0.39), population density (H8=1.19; n = 9; p=0.76) and diversity (H8=1.98; n= 9; p= 0.576) of small mammals between the bush encroached and non-bush encroached sites. The Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) revealed that there was no difference in the composition of small mammals between the bush encroached and non-bush encroached sites. The study showed that bush encroachment did not have a significant effect on small mammal populations en_US
dc.format.extent xiv, 122 p en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.source.uri en_US
dc.source.uri http://wwwisis.unam.na/theses/karuaera2011.pdf en_US
dc.subject Range management Namibia en_US
dc.subject Biological diversity conservation en_US
dc.subject Agrobiodiversity Namibia en_US
dc.subject Animal diversity conservation Namibia en_US
dc.title Assessing the effects of bush encroachment on species abundance, composition and diversity of small mammals at the Neudamm Agricultural Farm, Khomas Region Namibia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.identifier.isis F004-199299999999999 en_US
dc.description.degree Windhoek en_US
dc.description.degree Namibia en_US
dc.description.degree University of Namibia en_US
dc.description.degree Master of Science in Biodiversity Management and Research en_US
dc.description.status en_US
dc.masterFileNumber 3773 en_US


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