UNAM Gā-aisib Repository

The UNAM Gā-aisib Repository serves as a central platform to preserve and showcase the university's scholalry output.

Gā-aisib, a term from the local Khoekhoegowab language meaning “wisdom".
 

Recent Submissions

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An evaluation of financial management practices in tier 3 state owned enterprises in Namibia
(University of Namibia, 2022) Veroonika, Petrus
The success or failure of any organisation whether public or private is reckoned on the governance and effectiveness of its financial management practices. Moreover, financial management practices have an impact on a broad range of areas within an organisation, including, aggregate financial management, operations management, governance and fiduciary risk management. Consequently, the main objective of this study was to evaluate the financial management practices in Tier 3 SOEs in Namibia. Specifically, the study investigated the current financial management practices adopted by Tier 3 SOEs in Namibia and to determine their effects as well as to identify the challenges regarding the implementation of financial management practices. The study employed a descriptive survey research design to collect the data on financial management practices from the CEOs, Accountants and Financial Directors/Managers (FD/Ms) of Tier 3 Namibian SOEs. Semi - structured questionnaires were used to collect the primary data and all data was entered and analysed using SPSS v.26. Descriptive analysis was done and the results were presented in tables, figures and charts. The findings show that, financial planning and control, reporting and analysis of financial, working capital management and capital structures management practice are current financial management practices adopted by Tier 3 SOEs in Namibia. Companies have good financial performance. Lack of advanced knowledge and skills was one of the challenges experienced in the implementation of financial management practices in the SOEs. Failure to fill vacant positions and lack of support from leadership (management) were also identified as challenges that hinder the implementation of the financial management practices. Therefore, the study recommends that the managers in SOEs should highly prioritise financial management practices during the formulation of their organisation's strategies to enhance transparency, accountability and consistency in financial operations. Finally, the study also recommends that regulatory bodies should formulate appropriate policies and regulations which would facilitate the implementation of financial management practices in companies.
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An analysis of factors influencing the financial performance of Namibian fuel stations in Helao-Nafidi town
(University of Namibia, 2023) Mirjam, Wilka Kuhatumwa
This study sought to analyse factors that have an impact on the financial performance of fuel stations at the Helao Nafidi town in the Ohangwena region, in terms of risk management, high fuel prices, the pandemic (COVID-19, logistic management (stock arrival) and the role of government in mitigating losses of financial performance. This study used explanatory sequential research design. It adopted a mixed methodology approach in which data was collected using a questionnaire for the quantitative part and for the qualitative part, an interview guide was used. To achieve this, the study used multiple regression analysis, based on a sample size of 32 participants and the results reveal positive impacts of risk management and stock arrival on business performance while high fuel prices and pandemics reveal negative impacts on business performance for fuel stations at the Helao Nafidi town in the Ohangwena region. Moreover, the study followed up on these findings qualitatively to explore the role that the government can play to mitigate business performance losses for the fuel stations due to pandemics, which go hand in hand with high fuel prices using reflective thematic analysis in NVivo. This analysis was based on the data collected from 12 interviewees using an interview guide and results revealed two themes, each with two codes. The first theme was on controlling the rivalry with two codes as oil/fuel smuggling control and the protection of the borders. The second theme was selfreliance that is associated with two codes as own oil discovery and giving subsidies. Thus, the study applied an explanatory sequential research design. Lastly, qualitative findings serve as policy recommendations while in terms of directions for future studies, the study suggests future research focus on other regions that are not severely affected by oil/fuel smuggling in Namibia from Angola, as well as to assessing the impact of the pandemic on business performance for companies in other sectors. Keywords: Business performance, risk management, high fuel prices, COVID-19 pandemic, multiple regression analysis, reflective thematic analysis
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Exploring the strategies used for teaching creative writing skills in grade 3: A case of two Namibian schools
(University of South Africa, 2024) Jansen, Jessica Marry-Ann
Learners who do not master creative writing skills, risk possible failure because they cannot complete written assignments on time. In addition, writing is complex and requires thorough planning and problem solving. Research emphasises that those who struggle to write tend to remain behind; however, teachers find it challenging to teach writing effectively. The purpose of this research was to explore teachers’ perspectives on the strategies used for teaching creative writing in Grade 3. The study adopted a descriptive qualitative approach, which used an exploratory case study design to obtain rich information from the participants. Purposive sampling was employed to recruit six Grade 3 teachers from two selected primary schools. Focus group interviews, classroom observations and document analysis were used to generate data. Thematic analysis was used to analyse data. The data revealed that teachers believed to be inadequately trained to teach creative writing effectively and they did not feel confident to teach it. The findings suggest that teachers believe they have little time to explore the use of evidence-based strategies. Their lack of diverse strategies influences the teaching of creative writing and its outcomes. The study proposes the development of an explicit writing curriculum and training therein so that the implemented curriculum is aligned with the intended curriculum, which currently is not the case in writing. Keywords: Creative writing, Curriculum implementation, Self-regulation, Strategies, Teaching, Writing skills.
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Modelling school principals’ soft skills with sustainable administrative effectiveness
(7th africa education leadership round table, 2023) Katjiteo, Ancia; Awodiji, Omotayo Adewale
This study explores the relationship between principals' soft skills and sustainable administrative effectiveness. The study identified a comprehensive set of soft skills essential for sustainable educational leadership, including communication, emotional intelligence, empathy, adaptability, problem-solving, and conflict resolution
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Critical perspectives on coaching and leadership
(IGI Global, 2024) Mbangula, Daniel K.
This chapter explores critical viewpoints that go beyond traditional ideas of coaching and leadership, highlighting the need for a more in-depth analysis of power relations, cultural contexts, moral issues, and broader social ramifications. Cultural and social contexts are scrutinized, revealing the impact of diverse backgrounds on coaching and leadership practices. The chapter advocates for research and evidence-based practices, underlining the importance of informed decision-making in the dynamic field of coaching and leadership. Critical viewpoints also highlight how coaching, and leadership can act as catalysts for transformational change and tools for resistance against oppressive systems. To challenge conventional hierarchies and advance more equitable structures, alternative coaching and leadership models that place an emphasis on collaboration, inclusivity, and ethical responsibility are investigated. The chapter promotes rigorous assessment and ongoing research while highlighting the value of research and evidence-based coaching and leadership practices
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Sustainable teaching professional ethics in the post-digital Era
(OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2023) Katjiteo, Ancia; Awodiji, Omotayo Adewale
Sustainable teaching professional ethics in the post-digital era encompasses the principles and practices that educators must uphold to ensure responsible and ethical utilisation of technology while promoting sustainability and environmental consciousness. As technology plays a significant role in education, teachers must integrate sustainable teaching practices into their methods and incorporate digital tools ethically and responsibly. This paper explores policy and practices' implications for fostering sustainable teaching professional ethics in the post-digital era. It emphasises the importance of environmental awareness, digital citizenship, equity and access, privacy and data protection, ethical use of technology, critical thinking, and balancing digital and analogue learning. The paper also highlights the need for policy development, teaching profession and professional development, curriculum integration, access to technology, ethical use of data and privacy protection, collaboration, and ongoing evaluation and feedback. By addressing these aspects, educational systems can create an environment that fosters sustainable teaching professional ethics, preparing students to become responsible global citizens who prioritise sustainability and the ethical use of technology. Further research is warranted to investigate the challenges and effective strategies for integrating sustainability and digital ethics into teaching practices in the post-digital era
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A systematic review on the fourth industrial revolution: African basic schools' readiness
(Jurnal Bidang Pendidikan Dasar, 2023) Awodiji, Omotayo Adewale; Katjiteo, Ancia
This systematic review's primary goal is to determine how prepared African basic schools are for implementing 4IR tools and how well-versed in 4IR the teachers in African basic schools are. A systematic review approach was adopted. Data base such as Johannesburg e-library, ProQuest, and Google scholar was used to search for relevant study used. It was determined that the findings were valid and rigourous through the use of PRISMA. Out 106,859 resource generated, the review included 18 studies that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study highlights the necessity for African basic schools to enhance their preparedness for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). Funding is crucial to provide the necessary 4IR infrastructures, suggesting the allocation of resources by the African government for procurement and deployment of 4IR tools. Additionally, implementing a program to train teachers and school leaders in 4IR technologies is recommended to enhance their capabilities
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Women empowerment through social enterprise
(IGI Global, 2024) Katjiteo, Ancia
This chapter explores the dynamic intersection of women’s empowerment and social enterprise as a powerful catalyst for positive societal transformation. As the world grapples with persistent gender disparities, innovative approaches are essential to create opportunities for women to thrive eco nomically, socially, and personally. Social enterprises, with their unique blend of purpose-driven missions and sustainable business models, emerge as a promising avenue to address these chal lenges. The chapter begins by delving into the theoretical framework of women’s empowerment. It then transitions into a review of case studies and real-world examples; the chapter illustrates the transformative impact of social enterprises on women’s lives. These enterprises not only provide economic opportunities through skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship but also contribute to the creation of supportive ecosystems that foster self-esteem, leadership, and com munity engagement
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Evolution of the start-up ecosystem traditional to tech-driven industries
(IGI Global, 2024) Katjiteo, Ancia
In recent years, the start-up ecosystem has shifted from traditional industries to a tech-driven one. This change is driven by technological advancements, evolving consumer behavior, and a thirst for innovation. Tech startups leverage digital tools, AI, and the internet to disrupt traditional sectors. They benefit from easier market entry, quicker prototyping, and global reach. Increased venture capital, angel investors, and crowdfunding support their growth. Collaboration in tech hubs like Silicon Valley fosters knowledge sharing and innovation. Established companies are partnering with tech startups to integrate innovation. This transformation democratizes entrepreneurship, enhances funding, and promotes innovation, with more changes expected in the future
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Bioeconomy for sustainable environment management practices
(Springer, 2024) Kadhila, Timoteus; Amesho, kassian; Shangdiar, Sumarlin; Shihomeka, Sadrag P.; Shopati, Abner K.; Edoun, E.I.; Mohan, Chandra
The bioeconomy has the potential to play a key role in sustainable environmental management practices by utilizing bio-based resources, reducing environmental impact, and promoting biodiversity and ecosystem services. In this chapter, we explore the principles of sustainable environmental management practices and their application in the bioeconomy. We discuss the use of bio-based solutions for environmental challenges, the circular economy and its relationship with the bioeconomy, and the importance of social and environmental responsibility in the bioeconomy. Additionally, we examine current policy and regulatory frameworks related to bioeconomy and sustainable environment management practices and the future prospects for the field