An analysis about knowledge, atitutes, beliefs and practices of HIV and AIDS among the Himba people of the Kunene region select="/dri:document/dri:meta/dri:pageMeta/dri:metadata[@element='title']/node()"/>

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dc.contributor.author Nakakuwa, Pilippine N.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-11T11:44:08Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-11T11:44:08Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11070/1458
dc.description A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master in Public Health en_US
dc.description.abstract The Himba people are a semi-nomadic community with rich cultural beliefs and practices and are unique among other communities in Namibia. The prevalence rate among the Himba community is slightly less than 8%, which is a reflection of the uniqueness of Himba practices and beliefs. However, it is still necessary to establish the levels of knowledge of HIV among the Himba based on factors such as education, family practices that initiate early sexual relations and the role of women in household decision making and safer sex negotiation. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, practices and risk perceptions with regard to HIV/AIDS among the Himba people of the Kunene region; and to identify its determinant factors. The research study was quantitative, that is, cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical. Data were collected from respondents within the Himba community with an age range of 18 to 60 years and the data were compiled and analysed using SPSS version 21. To measure the Himba people‟s knowledge of HIV/AIDS and evaluate their attitudes, practices and perceptions relating to HIV/AIDS, respondents were posed a number of multiple-choice questions about specific areas: HIV modes of transmission, knowledge on prevention measures, wrong conceptionsof HIV/AIDS, beliefs, attitudes and practices. Each questionnaire section related to knowledge of HIV/AIDS had specific points for an overall score of 30. Descriptive statistics were performed to find the central tendency and variation parameters (mean standard deviation). Inferential statistics were obtained using a chi-square test to identify factors associated with unacceptable levels of knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Interviews were held with 290 respondents – 147 females and 143 males.The minimum age was 15 years and the maximum age was 70. The mean overall age was 29.3 years, with a 95% confidence interval of [28.0; 30.7] years. Considering the gender, the mean age for females was 27.8 years with a 95% confidence interval of [26.2; 29.4] years, whilst the mean age for males was 30.9 with a 95% confidence interval of [29.6; 32.2] years. It was established that 42% of the respondents in this study were aged 24 years or less followed by 26% of respondents who were between the ages of 25 and 30 years. In this study, the mean overall score of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and its transmission modes was found to be 15.8 out of 30 with a 95% confidence interval of [15.1; 16.5]. It was found that the Himba people‟s knowledge on HIV/AIDS does not differ according to the gender of the respondent. In fact, the mean score of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and its modes of transmission among females was 15.9 with a confidence interval of [15.1; 16.8], whilst the mean score of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and its modes of transmission among males was 15.7 with a confidence interval of [14.5; 16.8]. Using a bivariate analysis, factors such as condom use as a safer sex practice, level of education, type of marriage, and the gender of the respondents showed a statistically significant association with HIV knowledge at a 0.05 level of significance. Therefore, in order to increase knowledge that can be translated into change in behaviour and practices among the Himba, the efforts of all stakeholders are required. Such efforts include promoting education through mobile schools, intensifying sex education within the community through outreach programmes and putting in place policies integrated with indigenous cultural practices that will lead to positive attitudes and beliefs. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Himba en_US
dc.subject Nomadic ethnicity en_US
dc.subject Kunene region en_US
dc.subject Namibia en_US
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease)|, Namibia, Kunene
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease), Social aspects, Namibia, Kunene
dc.subject.lcsh HIV infections, Namibia, Kunene
dc.subject.lcsh AIDS (Disease), Patients, Counseling of, Namibia
dc.title An analysis about knowledge, atitutes, beliefs and practices of HIV and AIDS among the Himba people of the Kunene region en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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