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Show simple item record Masaire, E. Madzingira, Oscar Samkange, Alaster Kandiwa, Erick Mushonga, Borden Bishi, Alec S. 2018-04-05T14:28:10Z 2018-04-05T14:28:10Z 2018
dc.identifier.citation Masaire, E., et al. (2018). Characterization of poultry production and management systems in the communal areas of Namibia. African Journal of Poultry Farming, 6(3), 265-276. en_US
dc.description.abstract A survey was conducted on 485 respondents from eight regions of Namibia to characterize their poultry production systems. The overall mean proportions of literacy level were, secondary (33.6%), illiterate (31.5%), primary (27.3%), unspecified (4.0%) and tertiary (2.9%). The estimated chicken population in the whole study area covering 347 510 km2 was about 1.84 million and the estimated chicken density was 14.1 chickens/ km2. Overall, 76.1% of the interviewed households owned chickens with an overall mean of 20 chickens/household. Overall, 20.4% of the chickens were young females, 23.8% adult females, 14.2% young males, 9.7% adult males and 31.9% chicks. Overall, an average of 11 eggs/hen/clutch were laid with 74.3% mean hatchability. These hatched chicks had an average of 56% survival after four weeks. Overall, 33.5% of the chickens were lost due to disease, 27.1% consumed within households, 21.8% killed by predators, 7.9% sold, 6.5% stolen, 2% due to starvation and 1.3% as a result of traumatic injuries. Overall, 60.2% of the sick chickens were treated with local medicinal herbs, 14.3% slaughtered, 3.7% treated by conventional veterinary medicine, whilst 9.5% were vaccinated and 6.2% were treated by local veterinarians. Overall, 53.3% of the households used no housing for chickens, 9.8% used wire mesh housing, 7.0% used corrugated metal sheet housing and 4.9% used thatched brick and mud housing. Overall, 77.7% of the chickens were fed on maize or millet grain, 38.1% on free range forages, 12.5% on household leftovers and 4.1% on commercial feed. In conclusion, based on the survey, chickens in these study areas were reared extensively on raw grains with most owners using traditional methods to treat sick birds and failing to house their flocks to result in high losses to diseases and predators. This study indicated that the education of Namibian communal farmers to improve poultry husbandry would reduce losses and possibly increase profitability of communal poultry enterprise. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Poultry en_US
dc.subject Predators en_US
dc.subject Disease en_US
dc.subject Feed en_US
dc.title Characterization of poultry production and management systems in the communal areas of Namibia en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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