Spatial distribution and diversity of soft-bottom benthic invertebrates from demersal trawl surveys off the coast of Namibia select="/dri:document/dri:meta/dri:pageMeta/dri:metadata[@element='title']/node()"/>

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Show simple item record Mateus, Ndamononghenda Lipuleni 2023-02-20T10:46:03Z 2023-02-20T10:46:03Z 2022
dc.description A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science (Fisheries and Aquatic sciences) en_US
dc.description.abstract This study assessed the spatial distribution and diversity of soft-bottom benthic invertebrates collected during the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources' annual monkfish, hake, and deep-sea red crab demersal surveys for the years 2018-2020, along the northern, central, and southern coast of Namibia. The study aimed to determine the spatial distribution and diverse composition of soft-bottom benthic invertebrates as affected by environmental factors such as depth, latitude, and temperature. 324 trawls were sampled, resulting in the identification of 130 taxa belonging to 17 classes, namely Arthropoda (44 species), Mollusca (33 species), Echinodermata (28 species), Cnidaria (23 species), Porifera (5 species), Annelida (4 species), Chordata (2 species), Sipuncula (1 species) and Bryozoa (1 species). The diversity of benthic invertebrate taxa along Namibia's coast was found to increase in a south-to-north direction. High abundances of arthropods were observed in the northern region, whilst ascidians dominated the central region, and Brissopsis lyrifera capensis and Suberites dandelenae in the south. In terms of depth, relatively high taxa richness was observed between the inner and middle shelf (101 - 400 m). Benthic invertebrate diversity distribution across regions and depths varied for each survey. For the monkfish survey, diversity was significantly different across regions (Kruskal test = 5.79; df = 2; SD = 0.44; p < 0.01) but was not significant across depths (Kruskal test = 1.23; df = 7; SD = 0.44; p = 0.36). From the hake survey, diversity was significant across both, region (Kruskal test = 35.24; df = 2; SD = 0.55; p < 0.001) and depth (Kruskal test = 17.78; df = 6; SD = 0.55; p < 0.007). The crab survey, diversity overlap across the regions (Kruskal test = 4.46; df = 3; SD = 0.33; p = 0.32) and depths (Kruskal test = 6.36; df = 3; SD = 0.33; p = 0.95). x The PERMANOVA test revealed a significant difference in the community structure across regions (Pseudo-F = 9.09, p < 0.001) and depths (Pseudo-F = 10.34, p < 0.001). DistLM of the environmental factors showed a weak correlation with the benthic invertebrate assemblage overall AICs reveal depth and latitude were strong predictor variables in the taxa assemblage. The study provides important information on taxonomic composition, spatial distribution, and abundance of benthic invertebrates along the Namibian coast. This thesis contributes a comprehensive assessment of offshore benthic invertebrate community structure and can be used to further inform marine conservation and spatial planning assessments along the Namibian coast. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Namibia en_US
dc.subject Abundance en_US
dc.subject Benthic invertebrates en_US
dc.subject Demersal trawling en_US
dc.subject Community structure en_US
dc.subject Species diversity en_US
dc.title Spatial distribution and diversity of soft-bottom benthic invertebrates from demersal trawl surveys off the coast of Namibia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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