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dc.contributor.advisor Cohen, David en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Lemon, Alaina M. en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Ashforth, Adam P. en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Hayes, Patricia en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Ticktin, Miriam I. en_US
dc.contributor.author Williams, Christian A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-02-07T14:08:11Z
dc.date.available 2014-02-07T14:08:11Z
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11070/465
dc.description.abstract From 1960 to 1989 thousands of Namibians fled South African apartheid rule and traveled into “exile,” a space located outside their country of origin. Most exiles lived in camps administered by the Namibian liberation movement SWAPO in Tanzania, Zambia and Angola. Through the distribution of resources, management of interactions and control of information in these camps, a national hierarchy formed which empowered internationally recognized SWAPO leaders and endangered other camp inhabitants, especially those who were already marked as culturally different. Histories of exile have, in turn, become a medium through which Namibians reproduce, contest and negotiate their position in the hierarchy formed in the camps. It is this relationship between the exile past and present that I call “exile history.” These observations are significant not only for Namibia, but also for other nations and the scholars who study and influence social relations in them. Like SWAPO, liberation movements representing South Africa, Zimbabwe, Angola and Mozambique first governed their citizens in exile camps before becoming the ruling parties of independent countries. Moreover, “exile” and “the camp” highlight paradoxical qualities of national history generally, with its tendency to form outside national borders, insistence on a unity that produces and masks divisions, and capacity to “silence” even as it evokes competing narratives. Such qualities present challenges to the researcher which are best addressed through ethnographic methods. For while national histories tend to be dominated by hierarchies formed in exile, camps and similar spaces, ethnography enables the researcher to cross sites of historical production and elicit new ones. Histories accessed in this way may, in turn, be used to illuminate nationalism's contradictions and create space for other forms of community.
dc.format.extent xiii, 340 p en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.source.uri http://mirlyn.lib.umich.edu/Record/007432370
dc.subject Swapo en_US
dc.subject Refugees en_US
dc.subject Namibia history en_US
dc.subject Cassinga en_US
dc.title Exile history en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.identifier.isis F004-199299999999999 en_US
dc.description.degree United States of America en_US
dc.description.degree University of Michigan en_US
dc.description.degree Doctor of Philosophy en_US
dc.masterFileNumber 3624 en_US


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