Knowledge, attitudes and practices of teenagers regarding safer sex in Onandjokwe health distric: Oshikoto region, Namibia

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
University of Namibia
The impacts of teenage pregnancy, HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections among the youth such as dropout from school, long term effects and death is felt by most people worldwide. As a result of this, teenagers are in need of information regarding sexuality and safer sex to enable them to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections and to prevent unintended pregnancies. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe knowledge, attitudes and practices of safer sex by teenagers in Onandjokwe Health District; Oshikoto region with the aim of formulating appropriate recommendation which will help to improve the provision of information to teenagers. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive, contextual design was used to carry out the study. Focus group discussions were conducted. The population consisted of teenage learners in Grade 10 between the ages of 14-19 years. Stratified random sampling was used to select the participants from different schools which are within 10km radius from Onandjokwe Hospital which was the centre of the researcher. The same initial question was asked in each focus group to initiate the discussion. The main question was “How do you understand safer sex?” The data was analyzed according to Tesch’s method. The results indicated that teenagers have some knowledge on safer sex and other sexual health related aspects but such knowledge is limited. However they do have positive attitudes towards safer sex as they are not prepared to indulge in sex without preventive measures such as condoms/femidoms or to be forced into sexual activities when they are not ready. Teenagers have also indicated that they practice safer sex by staying away from sex or by using condoms, masturbating and kissing or touching each other in order to satisfy their sexual needs. However they have problem with condom sizes as most of the condoms are too big for them and sometimes condoms are not available at all. The results have also indicated that there are few or lack of educational programs which deals with the provision of information to teenagers regarding sexual health. Some people who were identified as source of information to teenagers do not really provide adequate information to teenagers regarding safer sex.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Public Health
Safer sex, Onandjokwe health district, Oshikoto region, Namibia