Organisational role stress and work engagement among nurses working in intermediate hospital Oshakati, Namibia

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University of Namibia
Generally, Organisational Role Stress (ORS) arises when there is no balance between one’s work requirement and conditions, and capabilities, which is due to the organisational role of one’s occupation. Health care organisations are characterised by industrialisation, urbanisation, and technological advancements that lead to rising stress. Globally, it is reported that work-related stress among nurses is increasing as they are exposed to several role stressors and demands of the workplace, this can poorly decrease their work engagement. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between organisational role stress and work engagement among nurses working in Oshakati Intermediate Hospital (IHO). A quantitative cross-sectional and analytical study design was conducted among 222 nurses in Intermediate Hospital Oshakati. It composed of 122 registered nurses and 100 enrolled nurses. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample characteristics. The Chi-square was used to determine the association between organisational role stress and work engagement based on p-value <0.05. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were used to determine the strength and direction of relationships between variables. The results revealed that most of the responders had a certain level of organisational role stressors. Even though the results on organisational role stress showed a high level of stress among nurses, this study revealed that the majority of nurses has high positive affectivity towards their work engagement. The study further revealed that there is a strong relationship between the variables of organisational role stress and work engagement among nurses and it was clear from the analysis that there was no statistically significant correlation between total organisational role stress and total work engagement (r^=0.02, p-value=0.054). The recommendations are that administrators and policy makers need to design an attractive working climate to decrease the level of organisational role stress and uplift their work engagement among nurses.
A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree Master of Nursing science
Nurse, Organizational Role Stress, Stressors, Work engagement