Conference Proceedings (STID)

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    Phytochemical properties of a Namibian indigenous plant; Eembe (Berchemia discolor)
    (2010) Cheikhyoussef, Ahmad; Naomab, Erold; Potgieter, Sannette; Kahaka, Gladys K.; Raidron, Celestine Vida; MuAshekele, Hina
    The aim of this study was to investigate the phytochemical properties of Eembe (Berchemia discolor); one of the underutilized indigenous plant in Namibia. This species is distributed in the northern part of Namibia and has many general uses. The fruit is high in sugar and contains vitamin C. It is eaten fresh or dried and stored for use in the dry season. Dried fruit have a datelike flavour. Fresh fruit is fermented to make beer and wine. The bark is used medicinally and for basket dye. The wood is used for furniture, hut construction and other items. There have been no previous investigations on the bioactive metabolites of B. discolor in Namibia. B. discolor extracts (fruits, leaves and barks) were prepared by different organic solvents. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of the extracts was performed to investigate the presence of: Tannins, Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Saponins, Total Phenols, Steroids, Phlobatanins, Terpenoids, Cardiac Glycoside and Anthraquinone. The significance of Eembe (B. discolor) in traditional medicine and the importance of the distribution of its chemical constituents will contribute in elucidating the importance of this plant in ethnomedicine in Namibia.
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    Medicinal properties of Ximenia: Lessons from the traditional healers in Oshikoto region, Namibia
    (2010) Cheikhyoussef, Ahmad; Shapi, Martin K.; Matengu, Keneth K.; MuAshekele, Hina
    Ximenia is an important indigenous plant in many countries and used often in herbal preparations by traditional healers. The plant is claimed to possess medicinal properties and is used in the treatment of different ailments and diseases. The aim of this study is to report some of the medicinal properties of Ximenia used by traditional healers in Oshikoto region. An ethnobotanical survey was undertaken to collect information from traditional healers on their use of medicinal plants in the traditional healing system. It was found that Ximenia is the most frequently used medicinal plant. A total of 47 respondents were interviewed; most of them were at the age of 66 years and above. The traditional healers in Oshikoto region use X. americana and X. caffra to treat various diseases and disorders such as Gonorrhea, Culture Bound Syndrome (CBS), Impotency and Scoliosis. Both forms of the plant status (fresh and dry) were used during the medicinal preparations. Roots are the most used parts in the treatment. The average of the fidelity level (FL) of the both species for all ailments was 33.33% with the highest FL for X. caffra to treat CBS of 66.66%. This study is confirming the potential value of using Ximenia species in traditional medicinal remedies in Oshikoto region in Namibia.