An assessment of Namibia's counter terrorism preparedness and strategies

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University of Namibia
Terror events of September 11, 2001 in New York, demonstrated that the threat of international terrorism to global peace and security had become heightened. This resulted in the UN to make clarion call under the UNSC Resolution 1373 for states to mobilize resources to join hands in combatting terrorism and to protect innocent civilians from further terror attacks. The USA declared “War on Terror”. This concept was received with mixed feelings among nations in which some member states consented to ratify the UNSC Resolution 1373 to fight terrorism while others including Namibia abstained. Although Namibia seems not to be directly affected by terrorism, attempted terror related incidents have been observed nationally in Namibia. These attempts show that Namibia is vulnerable to terrorism as other countries in the world. In light of attempted terror incidents, the researcher embarked on a study to assess Namibia’s counterterrorism preparedness and strategies. This study adopted qualitative research method. The study discovered that in the absence of a comprehensive counterterrorism act in the country, security apparatuses rely on the Defence Acts such as Act No.1 of 2001; Police Act, Act No.19 of 1990; and Financial Intelligence Act, Act No.13 of 2012; Intelligence Act, Act No 10. of 1997, as well as Prevention and Combating of Terrorist and Proliferation Activities Act, Act No.4 of 2014 to combat terrorism. These legislations are considered insufficient to address the growing threat of terrorism. Therefore, the study recommends that the country convenes and formulates counterterrorism strategies in line with international law concerning the fight against terror threats.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts (Security and Strategic Studies)
Terrorism, Preparedness